They are the most common periodontal diseases. In Canada, they are the main cause of teeth loss for adults.
- Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums caused by inadequate hygiene and dental plaque buildup. The gums become thus red, swollen, and may bleed while brushing. Gingivitis is easily treatable by using appropriate care when it is identified early on.
- Periodontitis is a more serious periodontal disease that occurs when gums are left untreated. The inflammation may spread to other tissues that support teeth and can even go as far as damaging the jawbone. The teeth then become loose and the patient risks losing teeth for good. Periodontitis must be taken care of by a dentist trained in periodontics to limit damage this disease can cause.