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Periodontics

Periodontics :

The periodontium refers to all the tissues that surround, support and maintain teeth in the bone. The visible part of the periodontium is the gums. The three parts you are unable to see when looking at teeth and gums are: the alveolar bone, a ligament that absorbs the pressure during chewing as well as the cementum that allows ligament insertion.

How does the periodontium play a part in our daily lives? It simply allows us to eat, smile and talk.

Periodontitis is the correct term to use when the periodontium has a chronic infection that is gradually damaging the surrounding teeth structures.

Some symptoms of periodontitis are:

  • Gum swelling
  • Red gums
  • Gums that bleed

The signs related to periodontitis are: food and debris stuck in between teeth, receding gums, loose teeth, bad breath, teeth sensitivity to cold, discharge and gum bleeding while brushing teeth.

Without treatment, 10-15% of people will lose their teeth due to receding gums. The most common cause of teeth loss in adults over the age of 35 is gum disease and not cavities.

Risk factors:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Family history of periodontitis
  • A weak resistance to infections (diabetes, HIV etc.)
  • Stress
  • Some medications

If left untreated, periodontitis may cause more damage to your health such as:

  • Cardio-vascular disease
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Pre-term birth for pregnant women

Treatment :

The first consultation aims to diagnose and choose the best treatment for you. A medical questionnaire, periodontal charting and x-rays are then needed to complete your evaluation.

For more information and to book an appointment with a dentist at API Dental Group, please contact us at 450-662-6060.